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2017 Crops

Turkey Red winter wheat is an heirloom variety of wheat, introduced to the US in the 1870s by Mennonite immigrants who were fleeing Tsarist persecution in what is now Ukraine. Unlike modern day, high-yielding, dwarf varieties, this grain grows very tall, creating lots of straw and biomass for the soil. It is a landrace variety, meaning it holds genetic diversity within it so that it can be adaptable across bio-regions. It is one of the most popular revival wheats used by American bakers, treasured for its flavor and digestibility.

 

Cateto Orange flint corn is an heirloom variety of corn, originally hailing from South America. While popularly grown in Argentina and Brazil, in the early 1900s it made its way to Cuba, where it became known as Maiz Argentino or Especial. Because of its relatively low soft-starch content, as well as its rich orange color, Cateto is ideal for cornmeal.

 

 

Grains expected for 2018 harvest

Turkey Red wheat is an heirloom variety of wheat, introduced to the US in the 1870s by Mennonite immigrants who were fleeing Tsarist persecution in what is now Ukraine. Unlike modern day, high-yielding, dwarf varieties, this grain grows very tall, creating lots of straw and biomass for the soil. It is a landrace variety, meaning it holds genetic diversity within it so that it can be adaptable across bio-regions. It is one of the most popular revival wheats used by American bakers, treasured for its flavor and digestibility.

NuEast Red wheat is a modern hard winter wheat bred at NC State in 2009 to bring hard winter wheat production in the southeast. Historically, NC has grown almost exclusively soft wheats (lower protein, better for crackers, noodles, etc.). But in response to growing demand from the resurgence of small bakeries, we are glad to have a reliable, high yielding variety to offer at more affordable price.

Sungold spelt is modern cultivar of spelt. Spelt is a much older grain than wheat, so this takes the cake in terms of old genetics. It is a very high protein grain that grows well in our area. It has a hull on it, which makes it difficult to process, but it also helps to keep the deer away from it. We love this. Bakers and brewers love it too.

Appalachian White wheat is a modern hard winter wheat also bred at NC State in 2009. Similar to NuEast, it was created in order to make North Carolina a producer of high protein bread wheats. It is a semi-dwarf variety with long awns that look stunning in the field.

Cateto Orange flint corn is an heirloom variety of corn, originally hailing from South America. While popularly grown in Argentina and Brazil, in the early 1900s it made its way to Cuba, where it became known as Maiz Argentino or Especial. Because of its relatively low soft-starch content, as well as its rich orange color, Cateto is ideal for cornmeal.

 

Crops previously grown

Red Fife winter wheat is an old variety of wheat, very commonly grown for bread-making in the 1800s. This is another very popular revival wheat in the bread world, for similar reasons as Turkey Red, but it was popular before Turkey Red came on the scene. It is prized by bakers.

Sonoran White wheat is one of the more interesting storied wheats. It is even more rare than Red Fife and Turkey Red. We like to think of it as a grandfather grain to the Green Revolution. It also is responsible for the wheat flour tortilla that we all know of as part of Mexican American cuisine. It was revitalized by an awesome organization called Native Seeds/SEARCH. Check them out and support their work! Slow Food did a nice piece on it here: http://www.slowfoodusa.org/ark-item/white-sonora-wheat 

Abruzzi Rye: This is a great heirloom rye that has roots here in the South. It's a very tall growing Roman variety. Another very popular revival grain among bakers and brewers. Delicious taste! It is also commonly used as a cover crop.

Rhymin Rye is a tall growing variety of rye, grown mainly as a cover crop in our area. There is not much known about this variety, but we believe that it is of German origin. Since it has not been bred for grain production, its genetics have been less played with, which is often a good thing for flavor and nutrition. Bakers have really liked it. It is sweeter than the Abruzzi and a bit more novel.

Yadkin Red wheat is modern soft red winter wheat bred at NC State. It has been grown in the piedmont of NC for many years. While it has most commonly been used for baking and distilling, we believe that it will be great for brewing as well.

Future plans

Czech Red is a very special variety that David Bauer of Farm and Sparrow Bakery obtained as a handful of seed from one of his interns who traveled to eastern Europe. We've been growing it out so that we can have enough seed to grow a proper crop and share it around. It is a gorgeous color and is supposed to be of great milling quality.

Einkorn is the oldest of the grains we grow (the order from oldest to youngest going: einkorn, emmer, barley, spelt, khorasan, modern wheat). It has been dated as far back as 10,600 years ago in what is now Turkey. It is prized for high nutrition, easier digestibility, and bakers seem to love it too.

Emmer is a very old relative of wheat. Known as Farro Emmer in Italy. It is delicious and prized for similar qualities as einkorn, but tastes quite different.

Black Nile Barley (Purple Barley) is an old variety that is deeply purple, almost black, containing lots of the antioxidant anthocyanin, which is also found in red beets and purple cabbage. It's gorgeous. And unlike most barley, it grows without a hull, which makes it easy for us to offer it to bakers, not just brewers. They say that while the aristocracy of ancient Egypt was dining on emmer, the common worker was eating barley. We are looking forward to see how this grows in our area.


Blue Bearded Durum is an old variety of durum wheat with beautiful dark blue awns. Durum is a very high protein wheat that is used for pastas, couscous, and bread. Semolina flour is made from durum wheat. We had great success trialing this in 2016, before some sheep got into out plot and devoured it.

 

 
Turkey Red #s 2017